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Home > Texas Cities > Gonzales > Gonzales - Texas Revolution - Page 2

Gonzales in the Texas Revolution, Page 2
 
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When the cannon fired, the Mexican forces broke ranks and fled in terror. The first shot for Texas independence had been fired and the first battle won on this second day of October, 1835.

Following the colonists' victory, volunteers flocked to Gonzales. A Council of War was organized and Stephen F. Austin was summoned on Oct. 11 to take charge of the growing army. The following morning Texas forces began their march to San Antonio, where they fought in the Battle of Bexar. Before year's end, the Mexicans were driven back.

In February of 1836 a constitution was being framed for the new Republic by the convention that had declared Texas' independence. Col. William B. Travis had been left in command of a small band of Texans in the Alamo at San Antonio, and that month, Santa Anna entered Texas, beginning his siege at the Alamo.

A messenger arrived in Gonzales on Feb. 26 with Travis' dramatic appeal for help. Thirty-two men, volunteers from the colony, answered this call and on March 1 went through the Mexican lines into the Alamo. There they joined others from Gonzales, along with Mrs. Almeron (Susannah) Dickinson and her baby. The names of these 'Immortal 32' and the others are recorded in this state's history for their ultimate sacrifice to freedom.

Gen. Sam Houston came to Gonzales on March 11, 1836, to take charge of the gathering troops. The tragic news of the fall of the Alamo was heard when Mrs. Dickinson arrived with her baby and servants who had been at the Alamo during the siege.

Gen. Houston mobilized his army of volunteers at Gonzales, then ordered the burning of the town in "The Runaway Scrape" before the advancing Mexican Army. His first stop was at the Braches House east of the town, where he rested his horse beneath what became known as "The Sam Houston Oak." His troops finally chased Santa Anna to ground on April 21, 1836, conquered the Mexican Army at San Jacinto and secured the independence of Texas.

Source: Gonzales Chamber of Commerce (Used with permission)

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